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Statistics
Population

The population of LSMC, as per census 2001, is 1,62,991 and is constituted by 84,502 males and 78,489 females living in a total of 68,922 households with an average family size of 4.66 persons; and a male-to-female ratio of 1.08. In 1854 AD, the population of the city and the suburban area was estimated at 29,964.

Year

Lalitpur

Total

Urban

Rural

2038  (1981 AD)

 1,73,962

 79,875

 94,087

2048 (1991 AD)

 2,30,616

 1,15,865

 1,14,751

2058* (2001 AD)

 3,01,619 (3,37,785)

 1,63,923 (1,62,991)

 1,37,696 (1,74,794)

2068* (2011 AD)

 3,87,733

 2,29,852

 1,57,881

2078* (2021AD)

 4,98,432

 3,19,655

 1,78,777

2088* (2031AD)

 6,40,736

 4,40,882

 1,99,854

Source: Kathmandu valley Development Plan-2020, CBS 2001
* - Projected

In the 1991 census, the total population of LSMC was 1,15,865, with a growth rate of 3.79 per cent per annum from the previous census year of 1981. Therefore, in the intervening ten years, between 1991- 2001 the population increased recording a growth rate of 3.47 per cent per annum, which is much higher than the national growth rate of 2.24 per cent per annum, but somewhat lesser than the previous decade figure. The major contributing factor to this situation was the migration of the people from other parts of the country. Projecting the trend of urban growth, the population of LSMC is expected to reach 2,29,852 by the year 2011. This gives us the picture of the rapid urbanization in LSMC, sharing a bulk of the greater phenomenon of urbanization currently taking place in the Kathmandu valley as a whole.

Population Distribution

The distribution of male and female population in LSMC in different age groups. It shows little difference in the distribution pattern between the male and female population in various age groups. The male population exceeds female population in all age groups except for the 75 years and above age group. The dependent ratio (age below 10 and above 65) is less than the working age population. This is quite a satisfactory situation. In the old age group above 65, female population is high which corresponds to the national average.

Ward Wise Population

Political division of LSMC is constituted by a total of 22 wards with area ranging from 2.43 sq.km to 0.09 sq.km. Ward wise distribution of population shows ward no 14 with the highest population (11,530) and ward no 11 with the least population (4,238).

Ward

Area (Ha)

Household

Populaiton

Male 

Female

Sex Ratio

Density (Pop/Ha)

1

41.12

1691

7,096

3,993

3,103

1.29

172.58

2

129.75

2284

10,459

5,491

4,968

1.11

80.61

3

148.02

2365

10,637

5,473

5,164

1.06

71.86

4

180.69

2523

10,971

5,511

5,460

1.01

60.72

5

70.54

1397

6,573

3,243

3,330

0.97

93.18

6

25.46

1311

6,352

3,322

3,030

1.10

249.46

7

23.84

1299

6,408

3,304

3,104

1.06

268.80

8

44.36

1407

7,355

3,798

3,557

1.07

165.81

9

77.22

1706

8,135

4,447

3,688

1.21

105.34

10

81.10

1222

5,430

2,974

2,456

1.21

66.95

11

12.52

780

4,238

2,153

2,085

1.03

338.39

12

13.19

1129

5,677

2,136

3,541

0.60

430.43

13

95.26

1400

6,553

3,524

3,029

1.16

68.79

14

184.63

2498

11,530

5,745

5,785

0.99

62.45

15

243.31

2694

11,352

6,042

5,310

1.14

46.66

16

9.80

989

5,294

2,630

2,664

0.99

540.09

17

56.68

1509

6,693

3,576

3,117

1.15

118.09

18

12.82

1287

6,915

3,503

3,412

1.03

539.39

19

17.53

1266

6,048

3,138

2,910

1.08

345.11

20

19.84

1447

6,519

3,383

3,136

1.08

328.58

21

9.38

906

4,249

2,156

2,093

1.03

453.08

22

46.10

1890

8,513

4,666

3,847

1.21

184.66

 

1543.15

35000

162,997

84,208

78,789

1.07

105.63

Source: CBS 2001.

LSMC had an average population density of about 107 ppha in 2001; with a maximum density of 540 in ward no 16 and a minimum of 46 in ward no 15. In 1991 the density was 76.5 ppha and this is expected to increase to about 151 ppha by 2011. According to the population density data (Census 2001) of the municipal areas of the country, LSMC stands second next only to KMC with around 135 ppha.

LSMC had an average population density of about 107 ppha in 2001; with a maximum density of 540 in ward no 16 and a minimum of 46 in ward no 15. In 1991 the density was 76.5 ppha and this is expected to increase to about 151 ppha by 2011. According to the population density data (Census 2001) of the municipal areas of the country, LSMC stands second next only to KMC with around 135 ppha.

In this regard LSMC is a highly dense urban area and it is highest in the city core wards, which are the traditional settlement areas with its compact traditional urban design. Densities tends to decrease sharply in the outlaying wards which are the areas of new urban development that has had occurred in recent times. The current low densities in the wards outside the city core are a result of inefficient land uses and unplanned urban growth.

Historically, it is reported that during the Lichhavi period, Lalitpur was more densely populated than other settlements in the valley. In the medieval period, it was popularly known as a city of 24 000 people.

Literacy

The literacy rate of LSMC is 80.9 percent (Chart 2.3), which is higher than the national urban literacy rate of 71.55 percent and much higher than the national literacy rate of 54.1 percent. For the literate population 56.6 percent are male and 43.4 percent female. The female literacy rate in LSMC too is higher than the national (39.67 %) and national urban (41.71 %) literacy rate for female.

Employment

In LSMC, 5.2 percent of people are unemployed. This is less than the national average for urban population. It shows that unemployment is less compared to other urban regions in the country, though it is slightly more than the overall national unemployment rate of 4.9 percent. (LSMC – Base Line survey 1999)

Income

If we categorize the population according to the income per annum, most of the households in LSMC (57.6%) belonged to the lower medium category, while 25.6 percent of the households belonged to medium category. The number of poor households was 12.6 percent and a very small segment (4.2 percent) were the upper medium and rich. The real poor may not be much in LSMC, with only 12.6 percent of households being defied as poor. Despite this, the degree of affluence is low with more than 70 percent of people belonging to the poor and lower medium categories.

Economy

Since historic time, LSMC has been known for its sound economics, which depended largely upon agriculture, trade and commerce. Its agricultural products from the fertile land in its fringes, the artistic products of wood, bronze and copper

LSMC is a thriving city with its economy since historic times relying on trade, commerce and agriculture. With its once fertile agricultural land being transformed for urban use, today agriculture forms only a small part of its economy. Business and service sector is the largest contributor to its economy.

LSMC being one of the favorite destinations for tourist visiting Nepal, the business related to tourism too has developed significantly. Every tourist visiting Nepal does not fail to visit LSMC once at least. Known for its art and craftsmanship, the business related to traditional handicraft has seen a boom with huge orders receiving from several foreign countries. The city has become a trade center for these traditional products. 

Road and Transportation

Lalitpur Sub-Metropolitan City has a well-developed road network of various categories, width and pavement types catering to the transportation needs of its citizens. The city has good transportation linkages with other cities and settlement areas at the rural peripheries of the valley, especially at the south and south-east.

From 1985 to 1998 the total length of road under various road categories in the Lalitpur District increased from 290 to 383 kilometers. This drastic increase in road length within a period of three years was a result of increase in urban roads accompanying rapid urban expansion in virgin agricultural lands of the outlaying areas of LSMC. Urban road more than doubled (113 %), from 82 kilometers in 1995 to 175 kilometers in 1998.

It is estimated that the total road length within LSMC of various category depending upon the pavement type is around 67 kilometers. This includes 56.47 % black topped, graveled 9.61 percent and nearly 1 percent brick paved roads.

The road network character in the old city core area and the newly developed outlying area shows distinct character in their layout. The old part of the Lalitpur city has a well laid out network of road around 21 kilometers often in gridiron pattern, designed and built centuries back forming an integral part of the cityscape. Brick or stone paved roads and alleys of varying width integrated judiciously with the city form and design. Some roads within the city core are even built wide enough for the chariot of Rato Machhendranath to pass comfortably during its festival procession.

Though the nature and mode of transportation and traffic have changed with time from predominantly pedestrian to vehicular type, these roads still serve the purpose of the city dweller with equal effectiveness. The city core area is served by narrow roads of nearly 20 kilometers length. These roads have different types of pavements and the width varies from 1.5 to 7 meters.
Altogether 15 bridges exist in LSMC connecting the city with cities and sub-urban VDCs across the rivers that form its boundaries.

Water supply and Sanitation

LSMC has a long history of planned and well-designed water supply system as part of massive urban infrastructure of those times fulfilling the water need of its people dating back to Lichhavi period. And more remarkable is the fact that many of these systems are still functioning and contribute significantly to the day-to-day water demand of the city.

However, the present day water supply condition in LSMC and the whole of Kathmandu valley as such is unsatisfactory with acute shortage in quantity, and also the quality is far from satisfactory. The rapid and unplanned urbanization of Kathmandu Valley in the past few decades have taken its toll on urban infrastructures and more so in its water supply capacity, which is strained to its limit at present and LSMC is no exception.

Electricity

The whole of LSMC area has electricity, the vital lifeline of the modern urban cities. According to the latest data on consumers and consumption unit of electricity in LSMC, there are total 52,509 consumers, consuming 8,201,045 units of electricity per month. Therefore, total consumption unit per month per consumer of Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA) is 156 units (KW). According to the census data electrical consumption per household is 234 units. 

Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA), the sole authority for electricity in Nepal, has its branch office at Lagankhel and distributes electricity through 11 KV, 33 KV, & 66 KV lines in LSMC.

Telecommunication

There is good presence of telecommunication facility in LSMC. Nepal Telecom with its office at Jawalakhel is responsible for the providing telecommunication service in the city including its distribution and maintenance (Figure 4.13). In today’s world of communication and information, the telecommunication facility in its various forms like telephone, mobile, fax and internet have made big impact in the socio-economic life of the people of Lalitpur.

According to Nepal Telecom, there are about 105 cabinets in the sub-metropolitan in total with the total of 48,760 lines.

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